Carotenoid Complex References

Carotenoid Complex

  1. Carughi A, Hooper FG. Plasma carotenoid levels before and after supplementation with a carotenoid complex. Ann NY Acad Sci. 1993 Dec;691:244-5
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  2. Carughi A, Hooper FG. Plasma carotenoid concentrations before and after supplementation with a carotenoid mixture. Am J Clin Nutr. 1994 Apr;59(4):896-9
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  3. Dixon, ZR, et al. Effects of a carotene-deficient diet on measures of oxidative susceptibility and superoxide dismutase activity in adult women. Free Rad Biol Med. 1994 Dec;17(6):537-44. Get full study (PDF, 4.2MB)
  4. Dixon ZR, et al. Effect of low carotene diet on Malondialdehyde (MDA) Concentration. FASEB J. 1996;10:A240.
  5. Dixon ZR, et al. The effect of a low carotenoid diet on malondialdehyde-thiobarbituric acid (MDA-TBA) concentrations in women: a placebo-controlled double-blind study. J Am Coll Nutr. 1998 Feb;17(1):54-8. Get full study (PDF, 544KB)
  6. Kramer TR, et al. Carotenoid/Flavonoid Modulated Immune Response in Women. Presented at: Proceedings of the annual meeting of Professional Research Scientists Federation of American Societies of Experimental Biology; April 9-13, 1995; San Francisco, CA.
  7. Kramer TR, Burri BJ. Modulated mitogenic proliferative responsiveness of lymphocytes in whole-blood cultures after a low-carotene diet and mixed-carotenoid supplementation in women. Am J Clin Nutr. 1997 Mar;65(3):871-5. Get full study (PDF, 4MB)
  8. Carughi A, Omaye S. Plasma Carotenoid Levels before and after Supplementation with a Mixture of Vegetable Oleoresins. Proceedings of Experimental Biology, March 31-April 4, 2001. Get Abstracts (PDF, 952K)


Carotenoids and Immunity

  1. Hughes DA. Effects of dietary antioxidants on the immune function of middle-aged adults. Proc Nutr Soc. 1999 Feb;58(1):79-84.
  2. Lesourd B, Mazari L. Nutrition and immunity in the elderly. Proc Nutr Soc. 1999 Aug;58(3):685-95.
  3. Erickson KL, et al. Micronutrients and innate immunity. J Infect Dis. 2000 Sep;182(1):S5-10.
  4. Chandra RK. Nutrition and the immune system: an introduction. Am J Clin Nutr. 1997 Aug;66(2):460S-3S.
  5. Scrimshaw NS, SanGiovanni JP. Synergism of nutrition, infection, and immunity: an overview. Am J Clin Nutr. 1997 Aug;66(2):464S-77S.
  6. Lesourd BM. Nutrition and immunity in the elderly: modification of immune responses with nutritional treatments. Am J Clin Nutr. 1997 Aug;66(2):478S-84S.
  7. Hughes DA, et al. Effects of lycopene and Lutein supplementation on the expression of functionally associated surface molecules on blood monocytes from healthy male nonsmokers. J Infect Dis. 2000 Sep;182(1):S11-5.
  8. Slattery ML, et al. Carotenoids and colon cancer. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Feb;71(2):575-82.
  9. Toniolo P, et al. Serum carotenoids and breast cancer. Am J Epidemiol. 2001 Jun;153(12):1142-7.
  10. Hughes DA. Effects of carotenoids on human immune function. Proc Nutr Soc. 1999 Aug;58(3):713-8.
  11. Hughes DA, et al. The effect of beta-carotene supplementation on the immune function of blood monocytes from healthy male nonsmokers. J Lab Clin Med. 1997 Mar;129(3):309-17.
  12. Nishino H. Cancer prevention by carotenoids. Mutat Res. 1998 Jun;402(1-2):159-63.
  13. Bendich A. Carotenoids and the immune response. J Nutr. 1989 Jan:119(1):112-5.


Specific Nutrients & Health

  1. Ferro-Luzzi A, et al. The Mediterranean diet revisited. Focus on fruit and vegetables. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 1994;45(4):291-300.
  2. Lampe JW. Health effects of vegetables and fruit: assessing mechanisms of action in human experimental studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Sep;70(3):475S-90S.
  3. Inserra P, et al. Immune function improves during fruit and vegetable extract supplementation. Mol Biol Cell. 1998;9:182.
  4. Osler M, et al. Food intake patterns, self rated health and mortality in Danish men and women. An observational study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2001 Jun;55(6):399-403.
  5. Liu S, et al. Intake of vegetables rich in carotenoids and risk of coronary heart disease in men: The Physicians' Health Study. Int J Epidemiol. 2001 Feb;30(1):130-5.
  6. Michels KB, Wolk A. A prospective study of healthy foods and mortality in women. Int J Epidemiol. 2002 Aug;31(4):847-54.


Food Intake & Health Status

  1. Harbige LS. Nutrition and immunity with emphasis on infection and autoimmune disease. Nutr Health. 1996;10(4):285-312.
  2. Bogden JD, Louria DB. Aging and the immune system: the role of micronutrient nutrition. Nutrition. 1999;15(7-8):593-5.
  3. Hannigan BM. Diet and immune function. Br J Biomed Sci. 1994 Sep;51(3):252-9.
  4. Chandra R. Nutrition and immunity in the elderly: clinical significance. Nutr Rev. 1995 Apr;53(4):S80-3.
  5. Bradley J, Xu X. Diet, age, and the immune system. Nutr Rev. 1996 Nov;54(11):S43-50.
  6. Hughes DA. Effects of dietary antioxidants on the immune function of middle-aged adults. Proc Nutr Soc. 1999 Feb;58(1):79-84.
  7. Meydani M, et al. The effect of long-term dietary supplementation with antioxidants. Ann NY Acad Sci. 1998 Nov;20:352-60.
  8. Rogers AE, Newberne PM. Nutrition and immunological responses. Cancer Detect Prev Suppl. 1987;1:1-14.
  9. Chandra RK., Nutrition, immunity and infection: from basic knowledge of dietary manipulation of immune responses to practical application of ameliorating suffering and improving survival. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 1996 Dec;14304-7.
  10. Meydani M. Dietary antioxidants modulation of aging and immune-endothelial cell interaction. Mech Ageing Dev. 1999 Nov;111(2-3):123-32.
  11. Langseth L. Nutrition and Immunity In Man. Washington, DC: International Life Sciences Institute; 1999.